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Energy Sources – Our Reliability

Energy is the underlying factor that sustains this Universe. Energy is an invisible entity, yet its importance is not negligible. Energy is broadly classified into two Renewable and Non-Renewable. Renewable source of energy are resources that are replenished by the nature over a short period of time.  They are clean and do not require combustion to extract energy, solar, wind, tidal, geothermal all are sources of renewable energy. The second source is Non-Renewable which requires millions of years to get replenished, and unfortunately, we humans are majorly dependent on this source of energy. Fossil fuels are the primary sources of non-renewable energy and under various extraction process, we obtain fuels such as kerosene, petrol, diesel. These kinds of fuels require combustion to extract energy out of it and cause a major amount of pollution.

There are specialized energy engineering Undergraduate and Postgraduate courses in India and a candidate can get admission into any of the colleges based on Entrance Examinations and can choose based on Ranking of Engineering Colleges in India. Energy engineering offers a deep insight into the energy and its distribution, the primary role of an energy engineer is to study and develop methods to extract and use energy efficiently in compliance with environment and research on the feasibility of alternative energy systems.

The use of energy is always at its peak in the metro cities of India like Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and their dependency on fossil fuels has questionably increased the level of pollution in these cities. It’s the responsibility of young minds to find a solution for this and first step begins with an official study on the subject and the best possible solution is to get an engineering degree in energy systems from any college based on the Ranking of Engineering colleges in Hyderabad, or any other cities. One of the primary sources of pollution and global warming is methane emissions fossil fuel production and livestock farming.

Together these two sources are responsible for almost 60% of all human methane emissions. Other causes comprise landfills, burning of biomass, even rice agriculture is a source of methane emissions along with use of biofuels. Extraction of natural gases causes methane emissions, be it coal, petroleum or natural gas. Additional methane gets out during any type of transportation (pipeline, truck delivery, etc.) or refinement of fossil fuels. Finally, some methane is also produced during fossil fuel combustion.

In order to eliminate this emission, experts have developed detailed methodologies to make use of renewable sources like solar, wind and geothermal energy. Solar energy is one of the cleanest and constantly available throughout the world. Solar energy is light and heat energy harnessed by the methods evolving technologies of solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis. Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight to electricity. Even though these are the cleaner sources of energy, implementing them requires heavy infrastructural development and financial support. Wide-scale implementation requires detailed planning and slow development.

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