South America may be massive in size and diverse in its energy needs, but places like Chile already have infrastructure in place that could help supply their neighbors with clean sustainable power. The country's Atacama desert is a modern marvel with the highest solar irradiance in the world (a measure of the solar power over all wavelengths per unit area incident on the Earth's upper atmosphere) with solar power plants supplying the country's more populated areas further to the south. If this generations source could be linked to Peru's power grid and beyond into Brazil, the continent as a whole would move closer to achieving independence from the dirtier fossil fuels of the day. What are the obstacles to regional energy cooperation in South America?
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