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New hydroelectric power generating method.

New, High Potential Influence On The

HYDRO ENERGY Industry

It is a rare opportunity to see an official hydro industry related news with content of potential influence on all hydro energy generation fields such as: large-, small-, and distributed hydro developments.

Just recently surfaced such a subject:

            The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO = Canadian Patent Office) issued a patent on August 6th, 2019 (patent number: CA 2,978,935) for a totally new hydroelectric power generation method, which was found industrially adaptable for LARGE (dammed), SMALL-SCALE (run-off-river) and DISTRIBUTED hydroelectric projects, as well.

This new invention is called: COHESION BASED HYDROELECTRIC POWER.

This innovation appears to have actual potential to solve numerous current hydro energy related problems. One of the most important for all hydro projects is the HYDROLOGY related subjects. In other words: the problem of water flow-rate fluctuation by the seasons of the year – which is one of the most serious problems evaluating any new, or desired development sites for continuous power generation potential being calculated either in watts, or in dollar value.

To declare that hydrology problem can be solved by an innovation ... – this is by itself a rather surprising statement.

What’s going on?

… did somebody invent a method how to control nature itself?

… or, how to influence rainfall? – making water flow-rate in rivers controllable by humans?

Well, yes - almost, but not exactly!

The situation is that more-or-less we still follow the basics of what the Romans taught us more than 2,000 years ago, how to utilize the capabilities of MOVING water.

… but the Romans didn’t know that the equation of kinetic energy is:

Ek = (m x v2) / 2

It shows us that double speed creates 4 (FOUR) times energy. But… at the same time, double speed draws double volume of water in the same piping, therefore the double water speed actually produces 8 (EIGHT) times kinetic energy!!!

In our times engineers know this very well, that’s why:

- they build high dams to increase water head (height) for large projects,

... and that’s why:

- they look for fast running river sections for smaller scale energy generation projects.

How nice would it be if we could increase the speed of the water ANYWHERE without investing even more capital into our already rather expensive hydro project(s)!

It is impossible!” – engineering people would say - because, to move water faster requires energy input, and energy costs money

The engineers would be correct with the first half of their argument – “moving water  faster requires energy" 

But there is a way to make that energy input FREE OF CHARGE!!!

Just we have to move the design focus from the PENSTOCK (water intake) over to the TAILWATER AREA (water return to nature).

- in other words: from BEFORE the turbine to AFTER the turbine!

- or, yet in other words: generate on-site kinetic energy, instead of looking for, and using the already existing potential energy of the water!

This new Canadian hydrogeneration method utilizes MOLECULAR COHESION FORCES OF THE WATER – simply by applying the well-known SYPHON EFFECT!

Oh Lord! It sounds so scientific!

Yes, it sounds!

But actually, it is not!

Anyway, to make it more understandable, simply think about the situation when you drink Coca Cola from a can by a plastic straw.

When you suck on the straw you create vacuum with your mouth at one end of the straw. The air pressure at the other end will push the Coke upwards in the straw, out of the can, into your mouth. The cohesion force of the water molecules keeps the water in the straw “continuous” without any break in the fluid line.

This “fluid moving effect” works downward direction, as well.

But downward – instead of making vacuum by sucking – we utilize the force of gravity in the “straw” (in multiple pipes!) to pull the fluid downward FASTER THAN HOW IT WOULD FALL BY ITSELF!!!

This way any water – standing, or very slow moving – anywhere above sea level, can be brought into controlled motion.

The volume and speed of the water depends on various influential factors apart from elevation difference (called: water head), such factors as:

- the diameter,

- the length,

- and the number of the downward pipes (called: COHESION PIPES).

In this case the elevation difference between water-intake and water-outflow (water head) is a secondary factor – because installing more cohesion pipes will increase the speed of the water – resulting in the same energy generation increase as increasing water-head, or elevation difference do in current hydro plants.

As a matter of fact, installing more cohesion pipes is a much more economical (cheaper investment) than building high-higher dams!

In other words: we can make CONTROLLABLE AT-WILL all influential factors what “water head” would produce.

Its time to let your professional hydro imagination fly free:

– what does this “AT-WILL CONTROL” mean?

-  what results can be achieved?

-  and what kind of numerous hydro problems can be solved, or at least substantially reduced – be it technical, financial, social, and even political subjects?

Let’s mention but a few:

- HYDROLOGY: effects of “dry season of the year” is eliminated – as long as some water is still available.       

- GEOLOGY:  the requirement for “civil works” on the project substantially reduced.

- POWERLINE:  new, potential sites can be discovered near to already existing power lines.

- SOCIAL / POLITICAL: no interference with the local social circumstances, no residential relocation required,                          therefore easy acceptance by the local community, - resulting in less political resistance from                          the government.

- ENVIRONMENTAL: no water reservoir, or dam is needed. Therefore, the environmental

                                   influence is almost zero. This fact will make the required governmental

                                   licencing procedures easier and faster.

- CIVIL WORKS: as the powerhouse actually can be placed at any location, civil works

                            requirement is substantially reduced

Based on the above it is evident that the required financial investment and the required construction time both will be substantially reduced for any new hydro installation, or any existing power plant upgrade, as well.

The only required, newly developed part/component may be a turbine assembly designed for both: changing water velocity and varying water volume! Turbine manufacturers already working on the development of such units for different level of energy generation.

The opportunities for establishing new electric power generation as new run-off-the-river generating stations will grow very fast – because geographical locations earlier identified as unfit for hydro generation purpose - will now be identified as proper, economical, environment friendly potential installation sites.

Further more it is now economically possible:

    - to upgrade already existing hydroelectric dams to generate more electric power using the same, or even less water volume …

    - to upgrade already existing non-powered dams to generate electric power without the need of large civil work…

Actually, we are talking about a potentially effective solution to reduce the reasons of global warming – at the same time to generate substantially larger electric energy without even having any influence on the environment.

This Canadian patent is already in the administrative procedure at the WIPO (World

International Patent Office) in Switzerland for an international patent approval with a retroactive

PRIORITY DATE of September 12th, 2017.

Therefore, this Canadian patent is already here to serve the hydro industry of the world in any country,

… but most importantly:  the entire human population!

Further detailed technical information is available at the Canadian Patent Office website:

http://www.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/patent/2978935/summary.html?type=n...

Written and submitted by:

                  Miklos  Ferenczy

                    Vancouver / CANADA 

Email:  ferenczy_vancouver@outlook.com

TEL:               +1-604-944-0500

 

Miklos Ferenczy's picture

Thank Miklos for the Post!

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Discussions

Bob Meinetz's picture
Bob Meinetz on Aug 24, 2019 1:47 pm GMT

Miklos, the "cohesion" force you describe is caused by the partial negative charge on the oxygen atom of each H20 molecule forming a hydrogen bond with the partial positive charge on the hydrogen atoms of other water molecules. The collective cohesive force is a function of the mass of moving water - thus, it's the same whether the water travels through one pipe or many.

Hydroelectric dams are deliberately designed with one downfall pipe per turbine to minimize friction between water and the pipe surface. Multiple "cohesion" pipes, with a larger ratio of surface area to volume, will only increase friction. So I think you'll find adding more pipes will only make electricity production with your design less efficient.

Best of luck, though. Now begins the hard work of designing and building a prototype to demonstrate the viability of your hypothesis.

Miklos Ferenczy's picture
Miklos Ferenczy on Aug 29, 2019 12:43 pm GMT

Bob, thank you for your comment. I am sorry for my late response, but I was on a couple days long business trip, and I cannot write too long text on my cell phone.

So, anyway, you are correct about the physics of the cohesion force, but actually it has nothing to do with my hydro invention – your H2O explanation belongs to high school physics books more than relating to actual industrial hydro setting.

Here is why:

- you are correct that one tube (for example) containing 10-liter water (which creates actually 10 kilogram “pulling force” downward) would be the same as 10 tubes containing 1-liter water each (also creating a total of 10 kilogram pulling force downward.)

UPTO HERE IT IS THE SCHOOL BOOK THEORY!!!

So, then why my patented hydro generation method uses multiple tubes if one larger tube could produce the same pulling force?

The funny thing is that hydro engineers - who are employed by the Canadian patent office to evaluate the industrial applicability - raised exactly this same question like what you Bob did!!!

I explained to them like here below to you Bob – and those engineers accepted my reasoning without any further hesitation…

SO, THE REASON TO UTILIZE MULTIPLE PIPES IS TO PROTECT THE TURBINE BLADES FROM SUDDEN, TURBULENT AND RATHER DAMAGING DIRECT, LARGE WATER HITS!!!

Ok, Bob, I explain you in high school textbook style why and how multiple pipes protects the turbine blades:

- when you open your LARGE SINGLE pipe by a valve to start operation – whatever tiny bit you open the control valve – YOU WILL HAVE ALL THE 10 KILOGRAM PUSHING FORCE HIT THE TURBINE PLADES ALL AT ONCE!!!  

- when you open ONE PIPE in your 10 pipes system by a valve to start operation – YOU WILL HAVE ONE KILOGRAM PULLING FORCE MOVING THE WATER TO HIT THE TURBINE PLADES …

- then you open a SECOND PIPE in your 10 pipes system by a valve to increase the operation – YOU WILL HAVE ANOTHER ONE KILOGRAM PULLING FORCE TO HIT THE TURBINE BLADES (NOW A TOTAL OF TWO KILOGRAMS) …

- and you open one-by-one further pipes until you reach the desired pulling force = the desired water kinetic energy – what you need for power generating at any given moment.

- if you need even more kinetic energy (because AS YOU SAID - of friction for example) … well, OK, do install even more pipes – IT IS THAT SIMPLE!!!

                Please do NOT forget a major physics schoolbook fact:

- IN THE CURRENTLY EXISTING HYDRO TECHNOLOGIES: the water pressure is always the same, doesn’t matter how much you open the control valve at the water intake pipe. WHATEVER POTENTIAL ENERGY THE WATER HAS BECAUSE OF THE HEIGHT OF THE DAM – THAT’S IT – YOU CANNOT INCREASE THE POSSIBLE KINETIC ENERGY EVEN IF YOU FULLY OPEN THE CONTROL VALVE (unless you increase the height of the dam!).

- IN MY PATENTED HYDRO METHOD: the pulling force is ADDING together by each pipe opened. THE POTENTIAL ENERGY OF THE WATER DOESN’T REALLY MATTER. JUST INSTALL MORE PIPES AND YOU WILL HAVE MORE KINETIC ENERGY!!!

- Outflow water resistance slows water motion?

- Who cares?

- Just install more pipes!!!

So, something like this why I got the patent protection. Eliminating many current hydro problems!

Some action already started in the industry. Turbine builders are developing propeller type, horizontal axis, in pipe turbines for my method.(They say that type will be the best for my method.)

Some project developer companies are already organizing hydro construction companies to participate,  pulling into action.

We will see, when and where the first cohesion hydro generator will start operation.

 

Randy Dutton's picture
Randy Dutton on Sep 10, 2019 1:27 am GMT

Would reducing friction in the cohesion pipe increase siphoning draw, and thus power production? One such polymer lining is described in http://www.coatingspromag.com/admin/content/PreviewContent.aspx increase power production? There are other technologies, such as used on submarine surfaces that also might be employed.

Miklos Ferenczy's picture
Miklos Ferenczy on Sep 11, 2019 12:29 pm GMT

OK, Randy. Thanks. I will give the polimer lining website to the hydro project developers, so they can see if that is useful.

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