EV Charging Trends in the United States and China
- Nov 13, 2019 11:32 am GMT
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China’s electric vehicle charging infrastructure is yet another symbol of the country’s plan to be economically dominant and a center of excellence and innovation for the electrification of transportation. Some fast facts that would catch many by surprise about China and EVs include:
- China has spent more than $30 billion subsidizing EV sales
- China Accounts for more than half of global EV sales
- China has 466,101 public charging ports as of October 2019
- China has 8 EV charging ports for every 1 port in the United States
There are both strong parallels to the EV market in the United States and some major differences. Both the United States and China have spent huge federal dollars subsidizing electric vehicles purchases, and both countries are expecting a slump in sales, albeit temporary, when subsidies are rolled back (in China, the overall car market has had declining sales in 15 of the last 16 months). In the United States, federal EV tax credits are influenced by a tax credit cap where manufacturers that achieve 200,000 lifetime EVs sold have a reduced federal tax credit on future sales. Both Tesla and General Motors are in this status where buyers of EVs from both firms will receive a maximum one-quarter credit of $1,875 for purchases made between July 1st 2019 and December 31st 2019. China has had generous subsidies as well and while they’re being pared down, the country will continue to exempt the 10 percent purchase tax on new-energy vehicles through 2020 at least.
But at the end of the day, EVs are only as effective as the grid they charge on and their access to charge points. China has 8 public chargers for every one charger in the United States according to Bloomberg News, and is considering a proposal for 60% of all automobiles sold in 2035 to be electric. In the same vein the United States is proposing a Zero Emission Vehicle Act of 2019 in the House and Senate whereby 50% of new passenger vehicles sales in the US would be mandated as zero emissions by 2030.
(Chart Above - Bloomberg News)
The charging port picture is even more eye-opening on a regional basis. Provinces like Jiangsu Guangdong and Beijing have over 150,000 charging ports combined whereas America’s EV haven of California with the largest number of charging ports in the country only has 19,065. Of course population differences between both countries are stark but China and the United States have been pushing hard on EVs and making them a priority in both transportation plans and energy efficiency initiatives and it will be fascinating to watch the expansion of charging infrastructure in both places.
Other key differences between both nations are that China has one nationwide EV fast charging standard whereas the United States has three in the form of CHAdeMO, CCS SAE Combo and Tesla. When it comes to managed charging, the United States seems to have taken the lead on managed charging pilot programs that are becoming more prevalent at progressive utilities across the nation. Let us know if you have experience or examples of managed charging programs and research that utilities in China are carrying out on how best to integrate electric vehicles onto the grid.