- Aug 8, 2019 5:43 pm GMT
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Costa Rica is inching ever closer toward its goal of generating all its electricity from renewable resources. But big hurdles remain, including uncertainties about how climate change will affect the small country.
Data from the Costa Rican Electricity Institute shows about 98% of the energy the country produced between January and May came from renewable resources. This was a big feat considering Costa Rica was experiencing a severe drought at the time.
Oscar Jiménez, who worked at the institute for 25 years, attributed the success to the nation's high variability in energy production.
"In dry years or years with low wind production, you have to be sure you are able to produce the energy the country needs," said Jiménez, who is currently the general manager of Carbon Ingeniería, an energy consulting firm in Costa Rica.
Located in Central America, Costa Rica has a population of about 4 million people and a varied landscape, with thick forests, beaches and active volcanoes. President Carlos Alvarado Quesada has pledged that his nation would lower its emissions to zero by 2050.
The country gets its power from a mix of energy sources. Hydropower tops the list, contributing to about 62% of the country's gross energy production. Other sources include wind, geothermal, biomass and solar. When those aren't enough, the country buys energy from neighboring countries or uses gas and oil.